So, what are the Paleo and Ketogenic Diets?
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The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted into glucose, which is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fueling brain function. However, if little carbohydrate remains in the diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. An elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, a state known as ketosis, leads to a reduction in the frequency of epileptic seizures. Potential side effects may include constipation, high cholesterol, growth slowing, acidosis, and kidney stones.
The Paleolithic diet, Paleo diet, caveman diet, or stone-age diet is a modern diet requiring the sole or predominant eating of foods presumed to have been available to humans during the Paleolithic era.
Paleo Diet. The digestive abilities of anatomically modern humans, however, are different from those of Paleolithic humans, which may undermine the diet’s core premise. During the 2.6 million year-long Paleolithic era, the highly variable climate and worldwide spread of human populations meant that humans were, by necessity, nutritionally adaptable. Supporters of the diet presuppose that human digestion has remained essentially unchanged over time.
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